Table 2

- Measured values of the dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scan and the prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis in 465 women aged ≥40 years and the differences between the type 2 diabetes mellitus and non-diabetics groups.

VariablesAll (N=465)Non-DM (n=251)T2DM (n=214)P-value
R FN BMD (g/cm2)0.7±0.10.7±0.10.7±0.10.100
R FN T score-1±1.1-0.9±1.2-1.1±1.10.096
R FN Z score0.2±1.00.2±10.12±10.252
L FN BMD (g/cm2)0.7±0.10.7±0.10.7±0.10.193
L FN T score-1±1.2-0.9±1.3-1.1±1.10.187
L FN Z score0.1±1.20.2±1.20.07±1.30.188
Lumbar spine BMD (g/cm2)0.8±0.10.8±0.10.8±0.10.664
Lumbar spine T score-1.8±1.2-1.8±1.3-1.8±1.20.592
Lumbar spine Z score-0.4±1.2-0.4±1.2-0.4±1.20.660
Osteopenia, n(%)233 (50.1)133 (53)100 (46.7)0.193
Osteoporosis, n (%)158 (34.0)78 (31.1)80 (37.4)0.169
  • Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation (SD). DM: diabetes mellitus, T2DM: type 2 diabetes mellitus, R: right, L: left, FN: femur neck, BMD: bone mineral density