Epidemiology of hand fractures at a tertiary care setting in Saudi Arabia

Fahad A. Alhumaid, Sultan T. Alturki, Sayaf H. Alshareef, Omar S. Alobaidan, Arwa A. Alhuwaymil, Nawaf S. Alohaideb, Asif Z. Bhatti


Objectives: To examine the epidemiology of hand fractures including common bones affected, causes, interventions, outcomes, and complications.


Methods: This retrospective records-based study included patients who were admitted to King Saud Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, with traumatic metacarpal or phalangeal fractures between January 2016 and September 2017. Carpal fractures, wrist fractures, and all pathological fractures were excluded.


Results: A total of 82 patients (90.2% of them men with an average age of 27.6±13.4 years) with 101 fractures were included. The fifth (25.5%) and first (24.5%) rays were the most commonly affected ones. The fifth finger (27.8%) and first metacarpal (28.9%) were the most commonly affected finger and metacarpal bone. Approximately 32.7% of the fractures were open fractures. The most frequent causes of hand fractures included falls (40.5%), road traffic accidents (20.3%), crushing injuries (9.5%), and machinery injuries (9.5%). Approximately 90.1% of the patients underwent operative interventions including open reduction (50.5%) and closed reduction (34.3%). The majority of fractures (79.2%) healed, and only 14.7% of fractures developed complications.


Conclusion: In this study of hand fractures, patients were predominantly males and the main causes of fractures were falls and road traffic accidents.




Saudi Med J 2019; Vol. 40 (7): 732-736


How to cite this article:
Alhumaid FA, Alturki ST, Alshareef SH, Alobaidan OS, Alhuwaymil AA, Alohaideb NS, Bhatti AZ. Epidemiology of hand fractures at a tertiary care setting in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J 2019; 40 (7): 732-736. doi:10.15537/smj.2019.7.24286.



hand; falls; epidemiology; Saudi Arabia

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