Comparison of quality of life in children undergoing peritoneal dialysis versus hemodialysis
Objectives: To record pediatric end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients’ quality of life (QOL) in relation to peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD). Chronic kidney disease is a rising global epidemic yielding worldwide prevalence of 11-13%. It could possibly lead to ESRD, thus imposing serious burdens on patients and reducing their QOL. These burdens may affect their family members as well.
Methods: This cross-sectional study examined 23 pediatric ESRD patients aged 2-18 years who were undergoing peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, in July 2018. Data were collected using the validated Pediatric Quality of Life InventoryTM 3.0 ESRD Module questionnaire.
Results: The sample included HD (n=9, 40.9%) and PD (n=14, 60.9%) patients. According to the parent-proxy report, we found that the QOL among PD pediatric patients was significantly higher than HD patients (p=0.045). Also, male HD patients had a significantly better QOL on the interaction subscale (70.83±15.95 compared to 30.00±24.00 for females [p=0.023]).
Conclusion: Quality of life was found to be better among PD pediatric patients in King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
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